Having considered the declaration made by the General Assembly of
the United Nations in its resolution 96 (I) dated 11 December 1946
that genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the
spirit and aims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized
Recognizing that at all periods of history genocide has inflicted
great losses on humanity, and Being convinced that, in order to
liberate mankind from such an odious scourge, international co-operation
Hereby agree as hereinafter provided:
The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether
committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international
law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the
following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in
part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated
to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The following acts shall be punishable:
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d ) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide.
Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated
in article III shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally
responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.
The Contracting Parties undertake to enact, in accordance with their
respective Constitutions, the necessary legislation to give effect
to the provisions of the present Convention, and, in particular,
to provide effective penalties for persons guilty of genocide or
any of the other acts enumerated in article III.
Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated
in article III shall be tried by a competent tribunal of the State
in the territory of which the act was committed, or by such international
penal tribunal as may have jurisdiction with respect to those Contracting
Parties which shall have accepted its jurisdiction.